document, API 14FZ, Recommended Practice for Oesign and Installation of Electrical Systems for Fixed and Floating. Offshore Petroleum. API RP 14FZ: Recommended Practice for Design and Installation of Secure PDF For facilities classified as Division 1 or Division 2, reference API 14F. API RECOMMENDED PRACTICE 14FZ. FM5. Electrical Equipment for Use in Hazard- ous (Classified) Locations General. Requirements.
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download API 14FZ: RECOMMENDED PRACTICE FOR DESIGN, INSTALLATION, AND MAINTENANCE OF ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS FOR FIXED AND. API publications necessarily address problems of a general nature. document, API 14FZ, Recommended Practice for Design and Installation. Zone 1,. PRODUCT NO f s ivision ucing nd gas. RP) is ithout gether al ed 14FZ enance o um Facilit ations em, locations cla sification system.
A Bridging Document may be utilized to manage operations. This may avoid confusion as to operational control and work practices. This recommended practice addresses the identification and management of safety hazards and environmental impacts in design, construction, start-up, operation, inspection, and maintenance, of new, existing, or modified drilling and production facilities.
By developing a SEMP based on this Recommended Practice, owners and operators will formulate policy and objectives concerning significant safety hazards and environmental impacts over which they can control and can be expected to have an influence.
The SEMP is based on the following hierarchy of program development: 1. Safety and environmental policy 2. Planning 3. Implementation and operation 4.
Verification and corrective action 5. Management review 6. Continual improvement It is recommended that each operator have a safety and environmental management program for their operations. Safety and environmental information Section 2 b. Hazards analysis Section 3 c.
Management of change Section 4 d. Operating procedures Section 5 e. Safe work practices Section 6 f. Training Section 7 g. Assurance of quality and mechanical integrity of critical equipment Section 8 h. Pre-startup review Section 9 i. Emergency response and control Section 10 j. Investigation of incidents Section 11 k. Audit of safety and environmental management program elements Section Documentation and record keeping Section Operators expect contractors to provide safe and reliable equipment as well as trained employees who are familiar with offshore oil and gas operations.
This recommended practice does not require contractors to develop a SEMP. However, contractors should be familiar 1. Management is responsible for the overall success of the safety and environmental management program. Management provides leadership in establishing goals and performance measures, demands accountability for implementation, and provides necessary resources for carrying out an effective program.
Management appoints specific representatives who will be responsible for establishing, implementing and maintaining the safety and environmental management program. Management designates specific representatives who are responsible for reporting to management the performance of the safety and management program.
Management should at intervals it determines, review the safety and environmental management program to determine if it continues to be suitable, adequate and effective.
The management review should address the possible need for changes to policy, objectives, and other elements of the program in light of program audit results, changing circumstances and the commitment to continual improvement. Observations, conclusions and recommendations should be documented. Management utilizes the expertise of personnel in identifying safety hazards, environmental impacts, optimizing operations, developing safe work practices, developing training programs and investigating incidents.
Owner, operator, and contractor management each have their own responsibility to protect the environment and safety and health of their work forces. The facilities are designed, constructed, maintained, monitored, and operated in a manner compatible with applicable industry codes, consensus standards, and generally accepted practice as well as in compliance with all applicable governmental regulations.
Management of safety hazards and environmental impacts is an integral part of the design, construction, maintenance, operation, and monitoring of a facility. Suitably trained and qualified personnel are employed to carry out all aspects of the safety and environmental management program.
The management program described herein is maintained and kept up to date by means of periodic audits to ensure effective performance.
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A commitment to continuous improvement. Responsibility for achieving objectives and goals at each relevant function and level of organization should be designated. Objectives and goals should specify the means and timeframes by which they are to be achieved. Performance measures should be established for Operators to gauge safety and environmental performance. An internal program to effectively communicate the safety and environmental objectives, goals and performance measures should be established.
Additionally, external communication programs should be considered. With regard to SEMP, procedures should be established for effective internal communication between the various levels and functions within the organization.
Consideration should be given to establishing procedures and policies for receiving, documenting and responding to relevant communications from external interested parties. Consideration should be given to establishing processes for external communication on significant safety and environmental events as well as the safety and environmental management program. This includes well drilling, servicing, production, and pipeline facilities and operations that have the potential for creating a safety hazard or significant environmental impact.
For simple and nearly identical facilities such as well jackets and single well caissons , certain elements of the safety and environmental management program, as applicable, need be addressed only once, after verifying that site specific deviations have been evaluated.
When actions are taken in accordance with this recommended practice, such actions should conform to the most current requirements of applicable federal, state, local regulations, or flag State requirements. It is recognized that some safety and environmental management systems may have been developed using guidelines of other organizations which may be more appropriate for certain applications e.
In assessing these systems against this recommended practice the focus should be on assuring the necessary program elements are addressed, not the format or order of the system documentation.
The following are examples of facilities other than oil, gas, and sulphur extraction facilities to which this recommended practice also may be applicable: a. Offshore liquefied natural gas LNG facilities Hydrogen sulfide and sulphur recovery facilities. Chlorine handling and storage facilities. Ammonia storage and refrigeration facilities. Such substances include steam, hot 3 water, certain chemicals, heat transfer fluids, molten sulphur, and naturally occurring radioactive material NORM.
These references are not to be considered a part of this recommended practice except for those specific sections of documents referenced elsewhere in this recommended practice. These requirements may influence the design, fabrication, installation, layout, testing, inspection, maintenance, and operation of facilities.. Governmental regulations can change frequently and should be monitored as part of the management program.
Environmental management relies on compliance with these regulations and an understanding of the substances that are present in the process and associated discharge streams. A partial list of the references that have substantial acceptance by industry and governmental bodies are listed in Appendix C.
These references are not to be considered a part of this recommended practice and are included only as they may provide a source of additional information for the reader. If applicable, information on materials of construction, equipment and piping specifications, corrosion detection and prevention systems, and design codes, regulations, and standard practices employed may also be included. API RP 14J contains guidance as to the mechanical design information recommended for offshore production facilities.
The management program should require that a compilation of safety and environmental information be developed and maintained for any facility subject to this recommended practice. This information will provide the basis for implementing succeeding program elements.
The information should include documentation on process and mechanical design. The individual elements of the information may exist in various forms and locations and should be referenced in the compilation.
Process, mechanical, and facilities design information should be retained for the life of the facility. For simple and nearly identical facilities within the same area such as well jackets and single well caissons , a common compliance documentation package may be compiled, except that documentation must reflect site-specific deviations from the norm for facilities within the area.
The combination of appropriate and valid flag State certificates e. When the mechanical design is not consistent with applicable consensus codes and standards or when a hazards analysis or other review reveals that existing equipment is designed and is constructed in accordance with consensus codes, standards, or practices that are no longer in general use, suitability of design for intended use should be documented.
Where process design material and energy balances are available, these should be included. This may be done on the basis of engineering analysis or documentation of successful prior operating experience. Human factors should be considered in this analysis.
Areas with continuous offshore population, such as living quarters on major platforms, and platform clusters or complexes. Inventory and flow rate of flammable, toxic, or other materials that may constitute a safety hazard or cause a significant environmental impact. Locations involving simultaneous operations such as producing while drilling, or producing while constructing above or below the water line.
Facilities that remove natural gas liquids or handle hydrogen sulfide. Facilities with severe operating conditions, such as high pressures, highly corrosive fluids, or conditions such as abnormal sand production or high flow rates that may cause severe erosion or corrosion. Facilities in proximity to areas the operator considers to be environmentally sensitive areas. Management should determine, dependent on risk, whether additional analysis techniques are warranted. API RP 14J should be consulted for guidance in selecting analysis techniques appropriate to the risk of each facility, if applicable.
Locations with clusters of structurally interconnected platforms should be analyzed together. For nearly identical well jackets and single well caissons, a single hazard analysis may be applied to all such facilities within a field, after verifying that site specific deviations are addressed.
Previous experience with a similar facility. Design circumstances, such as changes in the design team or the design itself, after the project is underway.
Unusual facility location, design or configuration, equipment arrangement, or emergency response considerations. Any findings that need to be brought to resolution before startup or that require immediate attention should be clearly identified.
Operating procedures and practices, including simultaneous operations guidelines. For most mobile offshore units a marine hazards analysis is implicit in the flag State and classification society certification process, but may be supplemented by specific instructions regarding conditions of operation, e. It may be necessary to perform site-specific hazard analyses for certain operations to assure that the mobile offshore unit is not exposed to conditions beyond its designed limits. Such analyses will often require an exchange of information between the operator and the owner of the mobile offshore unit.
Examples of information that might be required include results of surveys for seafloor and seabed obstructions or interferences, anticipated reservoir pressure and temperature, drilling plans, casing plans, and any information necessary to coordinate and integrate emergency response and control. Hazards analyses should be reviewed periodically and updated as appropriate, with typical review intervals ranging between 5 years for high-priority facilities and 10 years for low-priority facilities.
The priority factors listed in 3. At least one person should be proficient in the hazards analysis methodologies being employed. If only one person performs 3. This report should describe the hazards that have been identified and recommended steps to be taken to mitigate them.
Qualitative assessments of the severity of the findings may be made as appropriate. The management program should require the communication of all identified hazards and follow-up actions to the appropriate personnel. When resolution before startup is stipulated, or when immediate action is required, the management program should mandate that such action is taken or that the hazardous conditions are otherwise remedied.
A complete hazards analysis report, including any updates, should be kept on file for the life of the facility. Bypass connections around equipment that is normally in service.
API RP 500 Electrical Classifications 1997.pdf
Operations outside the scope of current written operating procedures, including procedures for start-up, normal shutdown, and emergency shutdown. Replacement equipment or machinery that differs in specifications from the original equipment or previously approved modification.
Temporary piping, connections, pipe repairs, or hoses. An alternate supply of process materials, catalysts, or reactants, such as temporary tanks or drums located within the facility. Temporary electrical equipment or utility connections, other than for emergency situations. Modifications to drilling diverter system that have not been previously approved.
Modifications to blowout preventers BOPs that have not been previously approved. Modifications to drilling top drives that have not been previously approved. The management program should establish procedures to identify and control hazards associated with change and maintain the accuracy of safety information. A facility is subject to continual change to increase efficiency, improve operability and safety, accommodate technical innovation, and implement mechanical improvements.
On occasion, temporary repairs, connections, bypasses, or other modifications may be made out of operating necessity. Any of these changes can introduce new hazards or compromise the safeguards built into the original design.
Care must be taken to understand the process, facility, and personnel safety and environmental implications of any changes. Although some changes may be minor with little likelihood of compromising safety or environmental protection, all changes may have the potential for disruption, injury, or business loss.
Change in facilities may also occur as a result of changes in produced fluids, process additives, product specifications, byproducts or waste products, design inventories, instrumentation and control systems, or materials of construction.
Typical instances in which change in facilities would likely occur include the following: a. Construction of new production or process facilities. Modification of existing facilities that result in changes to facility or equipment design, structural support, layout, or configuration. Projects to increase facility throughput or accommodate different produced fluids. Significant changes in operating conditions, including pressures, temperatures, flow rates, or process conditions different from those in the original process or mechanical design.
Equipment changes, including the addition of new equipment or modifications of existing equipment. These can include changes in alarms, instrumentation, and control schemes. These can include increased process throughput, operation at higher temperatures or pressures, increased size of equipment, or the addition of equipment that might contribute to greater pressure relief requirements. Routine personnel vacancies and replacements, rotation, and shift or tour changes are addressed in operating procedures, safe work practices, and training established in accordance with Sections 5, 6, 7, and 10 and should not require additional management of change action.
It is appropriate to consider the factors listed in 3. These procedures should be flexible enough to accommodate both major and minor changes. These procedures should cover the following: a. The process and mechanical design basis for the proposed change. An analysis of the safety, health, and environmental considerations involved in the proposed change, including, as appropriate, a hazards analysis. The effects of the proposed change on separate but unrelated upstream or downstream facilities i.
The necessary revisions of the operating procedures, safe work practices, and training program. Communication of the proposed change and the consequences of that change to appropriate personnel.
For significant changes, training consistent with the guidance in Section 7 may be appropriate. The necessary revisions of the safety and environmental information. The duration of the change, if temporary. Required authorizations to effect the change. The safety and environmental consequences of deviation outside the operating limit envelop.
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The steps required to correct or avoid a deviation from the operating limits. Environmental and occupational safety and health considerations, including the following: 1. The special precautions required to prevent environmental damage and personnel exposure, including engineering controls and personal protective equipment.
The control measures to be taken if physical contact or airborne exposure occurs. Any special or unique hazards. Continuous and periodic discharge of hydrocarbon materials, contaminants, or undesired by-products into the environment is restricted by governmental limitations. These discharge limitations represent the degree of effluent reduction attainable by application of the best practicable control technology.
Written guidance should be provided for facility operating personnel and contractors governing the disposal of materials within terms of the applicable permits. Any lease or concession stipulations established by the recognized governmental authority. Ravi Chandar. Sil Manual Gmi. Ethylene Heat Flux John Zink. Api Rp - pdfsdocuments2.
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API RP 14FZ
Program Operations Engineer. Federal Highway Administration. Tallahassee, Florida Re: Office of Design, Specifications. Section Presented by: Director of Railways Traffic and Forinformationon containerapplicationhostingManagement designates specific representatives who are responsible for reporting to management the performance of the safety and management program.
Tallahassee, Florida Contractors should have programs in place to address their own critical equipment.
API RP 500 Electrical Classifications 1997.pdf
Some examples of appropriate training are: The management program should require that whenever a change is made in the procedures recommended in Sections 5, 6, or 10, personnel will be trained in or otherwise informed of the change before they are expected to operate the facility.
Price USD. Identification of the facilities to be audited e. Procedures should be established, such as periodic drills, to verify adequate retention of the required knowledge and skills.
A statement of commitment by the contractor to comply with all applicable safety and environmental regulations and provisions of this publication.
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